Survey posted to the Social Weather Stations Website (Jun 19): First Quarter 2017 Social Weather Survey: Net public trust is Poor for NDF and CPP/NPA; Bad for MNLF and MILF; Very bad for ASG; Pinoy Muslims trust Muslim rebel groups except ASG
The First Quarter 2017 Social Weather Survey, fielded on March 25-28, 2017, found 28% of adult Filipinos with much trust and 38% with little trust in the National Democratic Front (NDF), 21% with much trust and 48% with little trust in the Communist Party of the Philippines/New People’s Army (CPP/NPA), 18% with much trust and 56% with little trust in the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF), 18% with much trust and 57% with little trust in the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), and 8% with much trust and 70% with little trust in the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG).
The resulting net trust rating scores (% much trust minus % little trust) were a poor -10 for the NDF, a poor -27 for the CPP/NPA, a bad -38 for the MNLF, a bad -39 for the MILF, and a very bad -62 for the ASG [Chart 1].
The March 2017 survey also found that Filipino Muslims have high trust in the MNLF and MILF, but not in the ASG.
The SWS terminology for Net Trust Ratings: +70 and above, "excellent"; +50 to +69, "very good"; +30 to +49, "good"; +10 to +29, "moderate", +9 to -9, "neutral"; -10 to -29, "poor"; -30 to -49, "bad"; -50 to -69, "very bad"; -70 and below, "execrable."
Filipino Muslims trust the MNLF and MILF, but not the ASG
The net trust rating of the MILF was an excellent +74 among Muslims, compared to the bad
-42 among Catholics, very bad -52 among other religions, and very bad -55 among Iglesia ni Cristos (INCs) [Chart 2].
The net trust rating of the MNLF was a very good +50 among Muslims, compared to the bad
-41 among Catholics, very bad -50 among other religions, and very bad -56 among INCs [Chart 3].
However, net trust in the ASG was a very bad -64 among Muslims, similar to the very bad -60 among Catholics, and just one grade above the execrable -72 among other religions and execrable -77 among INCs [Chart 4].
The net trust rating of the NDF was a neutral -2 among Muslims and a neutral -7 among Catholics, compared to the poor -20 among INCs and poor -27 among other religions [Chart 5].
The net trust rating of the CPP/NPA was a poor -19 among Muslims, compared to the poor -25 among Catholics, bad -37 among other religions, and bad -48 among INCs [Chart 6].
Generally low public trust for rebel movements and armed groups
Public trust in rebel movements and armed groups has been generally low.
SWS first surveyed public trust in the NDF in April 1993, and found a bad net trust rating score of -45. It rose to a neutral -1 in December 1993 before falling to a bad -48 in August 1994. It rose to a poor -19 from October 1995 to March 1999, and reached as high as a neutral -8 in June 1999 before it fell to bad levels from October 1999 to March 2000, ranging from -32 to -38 [Table 1].
It eased to a poor -12 in November 2002, and has since then been at poor levels except when it was at a neutral -6 in December 2005, +1 in March 2014, and +8 in June 2016.
Net trust in the CPP/NPA was a very bad -65 when first surveyed by SWS in December 1990, and it stayed very bad at -54 in December 1991 and -58 in April 1993. It rose to its record-high score of a neutral -5 in June 2016 [Table 2].
It fell to very bad -32 in September 2016, and eased to bad levels of -28 in December 2016 and -27 in March 2017.
SWS first surveyed public trust in the MNLF in November 1990, and found very bad net trust rating scores of -54 in November 1990 and -52 in April 1993. It ranged from poor to bad levels from December 1993 to April 1998, ranging from -17 to -49, before falling to a very bad -53 in March 2005 [Table 3].
It went to a bad -49 in October 2008, and has since been at bad levels up to March 2017, except when it was at poor levels of -17 to -26 from August 2012 to March 2013, and a very bad -52 in September 2013.
Net trust rating in the MILF was a bad -43 when first surveyed by SWS in March 1995, and was at bad to very bad levels from June 1995 to December 2008, reaching as low as -67 in June 2003 [Table 4].
Out of the 19 surveys from September 2011 to March 2017, the net trust rating of the MILF was poor on 7, bad on 11, and very bad on one. The latest score of a bad -39 in March 2017 is similar to the bad -34 in December 2016.
SWS first surveyed public trust in the ASG in August 1994, and found an execrable net trust rating of -70. It stayed execrable from October 2000 to March 2014, ranging from -70 to -82, before going to very bad from June 2014 to March 2017, ranging from -62 to -69 [Table 5].
The March 2017 Social Weather Survey was conducted from March 25-28, 2017 using face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults (18 years old and above) nationwide, 300 each in Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao (sampling error margins of ±3% for national percentages, and ±6% each for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao).
The area estimates were weighted by Philippine Statistics Authority medium-population projections for 2017 to obtain the national estimates.
The Social Weather Survey items on public trust in selected organizations are non-commissioned. These items were included on SWS's own initiative and released as a public service. The specific organizations included in the surveys are based on their relevance to national affairs.
The exact questions on public trust in selected organizations are as follows: "PAG-USAPAN PO NATIN ANG TUNGKOL SA ILANG ORGANISASYON. SA MGA SUMUSUNOD, MAAARI PO BANG SABIHIN NINYO KUNG ANG PAGTITIWALA NINYO SA (NAME OF ORGANIZATION) AY NAPAKALAKI, MEDYO MALAKI, HINDI TIYAK KUNG MALAKI O MALIIT, MEDYO MALIIT, NAPAKALIIT, O WALA PA KAYONG NARINIG O NABASA KAHIT NA KAILAN TUNGKOL SA (NAME OF ORGANIZATION)? PAKISABI ANG SAGOT NINYO SA PAMAMAGITAN NG PAGLAGAY NG MGA KARD SA NAAANGKOP NA LUGAR SA RATING BOARD NA ITO. [Let's now talk about some organizations. For the following, please indicate if your trust/faith in (NAME OF ORGANIZATION) is VERY MUCH, SOMEWHAT MUCH, UNDECIDED IF MUCH OR LITTLE, SOMEWHAT LITTLE, VERY LITTLE, or YOU HAVE NOT HEARD OR READ ANYTHING ABOUT THE (NAME OF ORGANIZATION) ever? You may indicate your answers by placing each card on the appropriate box on this rating board.]"
SWS employs its own staff for questionnaire design, sampling, fieldwork, data-processing, and analysis, and does not outsource any of its survey operations.