From InterAksyon (Nov 29): China could extend 'air defense zone' over West Philippine Sea, DFA fears
The Philippines has voiced concern that China may extend its controversial "air defense zone" over disputed areas of the South China Sea, where the two nations have a separate territorial dispute.
Foreign Affairs Secretary Albert del Rosario, interviewed over ABS-CBN last Thursday, said, "There's this threat that China will control the air space (in the South China Sea)" after earlier this week asserting such control over air space around territories disputed with Japan.
The Philippines, China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan have overlapping claims to parts of the strategically vital and potentially resource-rich body of water.
Del Rosario noted China's declaration of the air defense zone in the East China Sea. "It transforms an entire air zone into China's domestic air space. And that is an infringement, and compromises the safety of civil aviation," del Rosario said. "It also compromises the national security of affected states."
The US and Japan have in recent days flouted the air defense zone, flying military aircraft - American bombers and Japanese coast guard planes - through the high-tension area. South Korea has also vowed to disregard China's declaration.
China's state media called Friday for "timely countermeasures without hesitation" if Japan violates the country's newly declared air zone. Beijing sent fighter jets to patrol the area after the defiant military overflights by Tokyo.
Japan and South Korea both said Thursday they had disregarded the "air defence identification zone (ADIZ)" that Beijing declared last weekend, showing a united front after US B-52 bombers also entered the area.
The zone includes disputed islands claimed by China, which knows them as the Diaoyus, but controlled by Japan, which calls them the Senkakus, and Beijing's ADIZ was condemned in Washington, Tokyo, South Korea and elsewhere.
China sent fighter jets and an early warning aircraft into the area Thursday, the official Xinhua news agency reported after Tokyo said its military and coastguard had both flown through it.
Washington has security alliances with both Tokyo and Seoul, and analysts say that neither China nor Japan - the world's second- and third-biggest economies, and major trading partners of each other - want to engage in armed conflict.
But Beijing is facing mounting internal pressure to assert itself.
The Global Times newspaper, which often takes a nationalistic tone, said in an editorial Friday: "We should carry out timely countermeasures without hesitation against Japan when it challenges China's newly declared ADIZ.
"If Tokyo flies its aircraft over the zone, we will be bound to send our plane to its ADIZ."
The paper, which is close to China's ruling Communist party, said: "If the trend continues, there will likely be frictions and confrontations and even tension in the air like in the Cold War era between the US and the Soviet Union. We are willing to engage in a protracted confrontation with Japan."
But it shied away from threatening Washington, which sent giant Stratofortress bombers inside the zone, issuing an unmistakable message.
"If the US does not go too far, we will not target it in safeguarding our air defence zone," the paper said, adding that Australia could be "ignored" and that South Korea "understands" as it has tensions of its own with Japan.
China's Communist Party seeks to bolster its public support by tapping into deep-seated resentment of Japan for its brutal invasion of the country in the 1930s.
The media rhetoric came after Chinese planes conducted air patrols on Thursday as "a defensive measure and in line with international common practices", Xinhua quoted People's Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force spokesman Shen Jinke as saying.
China first sent fighters, scouts and early warning aircraft into the zone on Saturday, Xinhua reported earlier, and the East Sea Fleet's air arm has also been flying in the area, according to state broadcaster CCTV.
The Chinese ADIZ requires aircraft to provide their flight plan, declare their nationality and maintain two-way radio communication -- or face unspecified "defensive emergency measures".
Both Japan and Washington have ADIZs of their own, and China accuses them of double standards, saying the real provocateur is Tokyo.
Defence ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said Thursday that Japan established its ADIZ in 1969, so Tokyo had "no right to make irresponsible remarks" about China's.
"If there are to be demands for a withdrawal, then we invite the Japanese side to first withdraw its air defence identification zone, and China may reconsider after 44 years," he said.
Tokyo denies that there is a dispute over the islands, and Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga declined Friday to be drawn on reports that a Chinese envoy had suggested setting up a mechanism to prevent mid-air incidents.
"Our country's principle is that we will assert our position firmly in a stern but calm manner," Suga said. "And we keep the window of dialogue open."
The Yomiuri Shimbun reported that the US and Japan planned to enhance military cooperation in the area, with Tokyo permanently stationing E-2C early-warning planes in Okinawa, and US Global Hawk unmanned drones expected to be operated from Japan soon.
US vice president Joe Biden is visiting the region next week, and administration officials said that while in Beijing he will raise Washington's concerns about the ADIZ, and China's assertiveness towards its neighbours.
The islands dispute lay dormant for decades but flared in September 2012 when Tokyo purchased three of the uninhabited outcrops from private owners.
Beijing accused Tokyo of changing the status quo and has since sent surveillance ships and aircraft to the area, prompting Japan to scramble fighter jets hundreds of times.